A c. 1750 Spanish rococo ‘lazo’ pendant, of solid 18k yellow gold and set with rose and table cut diamonds (73 total, approx. 1.13 ctw), crafted in three-part form with a bow-shaped top seamlessly connecting to a cruciform pendant via a ribbon-like middle. These pendants often survive with signs of later modification or repair (such as the addition of a brooch pin to back), but the present example has been preserved in original condition; the back still retains the original double-loop fitting for a choker ribbon.
This design type, with its dominating bow-tie shape, is one of the most enduring and popular pendant forms of the 18th century. As shown in the c. 1734 painting, ‘Feast Table at the Vienna court’ attrib. Johan Lundberg, the majority of the court ladies are depicted wearing such a pendant high around the neck with a black ribbon choker. The present pendant’s overall size, as well as the width of the back fittings (just wide enough for a slim ribbon) suggest it was originally worn exactly in the manner portrayed in the ‘Feast Table’ painting.
Sometimes described as a ‘sévigné’ in France and elsewhere in Europe, these bow pendants are known as ‘lazos’ in Spain. The present example leans on the earlier side of rococo, due to its more compact and dense body (late Rococo lazos being more florid but lightweight), use of table cuts alongside rose cuts, as well as the elegant and somewhat reserved contours. The center element is especially pleasing with its restrained and elongated lines. A similar mid-18th c Spanish pendant is illustrated in El Joyero de la Virgen del Pilar by Carolina Naya Franco (fig. 161, photo credit Carolina Naya, courtesy of the Zaragoza Metropolitan Council).